Can nail tips made of acryl harm your natural finger- or toenails?
In case of the properly made built-up, the acrylic nails normally are not associated with any troubles. However, if you wear them for too long periods, or if the built-up technology was not given enough respect, a severe damage to the nail plate and even the impaired nail growth are possible. The most frequent problem with acrylic nails in fungus, which develops between the press-on covers and the natural nail plates (so called onychomycosis).
When you wear acrylic nails for too lengthy period of time, the growth of your natural nail slows, and the nail plate can be severely deformed. As a result, nail plates become thicker, their color changes, and there appear deep grooves on them. In some cases, the skin around the nails shows some signs of dermatitis. This condition can also be aggravated by a bacterial infection (paronychia). With proper care of hands and nails it’s possible to prevent problems of this kind, even if you wear acrylic nails.
Fungal nail infections – what are they
The infection also called onychomycosis develops if the acrylic nail is not fixed properly, or if it separates from the nail plate because of deterioration. The fungus infects the nail plate, the nail bed and the surrounding skin. Acryl is a not-organic material, so it cannot be infected with any fungal organism or bacterium. However, the acrylic covers often hide the first signs of disorders, and you notice the problem with your nails only when there are already significant and not very pleasant symptoms.
For the fungus to develop and grow the following three conditions must be satisfied: warmth, moisture, and darkness. Fungus most frequently affects toenails, as we often wear sort of closed shoes, which ensures perfect conditions for the disease.
When the build-up procedure is done in accordance with all rules, the acrylic cover fits snugly to the nail plates of your own. In some cases, there appears a gap between the cover and the nail plate, perfectly suitable for reproduction of fungi. The fungus spreads rapidly on the surface of the nail, causing their significant deformation.
The nail affected with the infection forfeits its natural color and luster, becomes thicker and more brittle. There is also some powdery substance, which often appears under the nails and in fact presents the result of the activity of fungi consuming keratin that makes up our nails. If you leave the infection untreated, the nail darkens and eventually starts to flake off from the nail bed.
Causes of fungal infections of nails
The causative agents of fungal infection are dermatophytes, yeast organisms (such as Candida) and mold fungi. Dermatophytes Trichophyton are the most frequent cause of onychomycosis.
How the acrylic build-up relates with fungal nail infections
As we’ve already said, wrongly fixed acrylic nails belong to the most common factors contributing to the development of the disorder. Among other factors, we can remember the damaged skin around nails, living in areas with huge amounts of fungal spores in the air (common in tropical climatic zones) and repeating impact of infectious agents on humans.
Anchor: proper care